Recipes for lychee dishes
Overseas fruits on the shelves of our stores have long been no surprise. Among them, larches can often be seen. What is this fruit? What is its use and harm? And what delicious can you make from it?
Meet the litchi
Lychee's homeland is China, where it is poetically called "Chinese plum" or "dragon's eye". This comparison is not accidental, because the rounded fruit has a dense, hummocky skin, beneath which is a juicy white flesh and a large oblong bone of dark brown color. The taste of litchi fruit is pleasant and refreshing, with bright sweet and sour notes. It resembles a mixture of tastes of grapes, strawberries and dried apricots.
To enjoy it fully, you need to choose the right fruit. And for this you should carefully study the skin. The quality fruit has an even red or pink color. A brown shade indicates that the fruit is spoiled, and yellow, on the contrary, indicates immaturity. Ripe litchi - elastic to the touch, without a single speck, dents or cracks. If you notice mold traces or darkening in the area of the petiole, such a fruit should not be taken. Finally, a good fruit has a slight sweetish smell resembling the aroma of a rose.
In food eat juicy pulp of lychee, after removing the hard skin and seed. It is best to eat it during the first 24 hours. In pristine form at room temperature, the fruit will last several days. In the refrigerator he will live about two weeks. If you want to keep lychee as long as possible, you need to cut it and freeze it.
The benefits and harms of litchi fruit have been repeatedly discussed by specialists. They all came to the conclusion that lychee is a very valuable product. It is rich in vitamins of group B, C and PP. The latter, as scientists have proved, serves as a preventive measure of atherosclerosis and heart diseases. In addition, the nicotinic acid present in the fruit dilates the blood vessels and increases their elasticity. In addition, it is full of vegetable protein, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron and zinc.
In China, lychee is widely used in folk medicine. Since it normalizes blood sugar level, the fruit is shown for diabetes. Drinks on its basis have a relaxing effect and have a beneficial effect on the work of the kidneys and liver. Litchi extract is added to preparations for the treatment of asthma and bronchitis. And according to recent studies, regular use of litchi in food prevents the development of cancer cells. By the way, tough skin of fruit is also very useful. Decoction of it removes toxins and toxins from the body, providing a tonic effect.
Lychee can safely be included in the diet menu. The pectin contained in it for a long time saturates the body, dulling the feeling of hunger. Nutritionists recommend starting a meal with a pair of litchi fruit to avoid overeating.
Against the background of all these advantages, the harm of the overseas fruit is negligible. If overused, it can cause gasification and discomfort in the intestines. In the case of individual intolerance, allergic reactions are possible. So if you are trying litchi for the first time, eat a small piece and listen to the sensations.
Tropics in a plate
In the southeast countries, litchi cooking recipes include meat and fish dishes, game and seafood, sweet sauces, mousses, jelly, ice cream and other intricate desserts. Litchi is also added to homemade cakes.
In honor of the approaching summer, you can prepare a refreshing salad in a tropical style. To do this, take a medium-sized pineapple, cut off the tip with a tail about a third and gently remove the flesh. Cut into small pieces of 100 grams of strawberries and lychee fruit, mix them with slices of pineapple flesh. Let's taste a fruit mixture of 3 tbsp. l. orange juice and 3 tbsp. l. yogurt, stir and place the salad in a pineapple bowl.
Shrimp in sweet and sour sauce from litchi also brings a tropical mood. First, we roll 10 royal shrimps in cornstarch and quickly fry them in oil. In a separate frying pan, prepare the sauce. We mix 2 tbsp. l. tomato paste, 1 tsp. Worcesters sauce, 2 tbsp. l. white vinegar, 2 tbsp. l. sugar and ½ tsp. salt. When the sugar and salt dissolve, add the fried prawns and let stand on medium heat for 2-3 minutes. Then we will enter 10 crushed lychee fruits and we will top off the sauce until thick.
Litchi cakes will decorate any table. First we knead the dough. We will use 150 grams of margarine with 200 grams of sugar, whilst continuing to beat, alternately add 4 eggs, and then we will introduce 500 g of sifted flour. The finished dough is rolled into a layer 3-4 mm thick and cut into the same squares. In the center of each we put on the cleaned fruit lychee, we will protect the edges and form smooth balls. Lay them on a baking tray in the form of a bunch of grapes or bug, smear with egg yolk and send it to a preheated oven to 230 ° C for 15 minutes.
We hope that acquaintance with the exotic fruit of litchi will grow into a strong friendship, and your cookbook will be filled with interesting recipes that will pleasantly surprise loved ones and guests.